Wednesday, April 30, 2008

[ Do you Know these Machines.]

Technical Textile students can you guess where all these machines are used.

If you can,then say it in the comment box and leave your address for the correct answer you will get a Bumper Prize.

Monday, April 21, 2008

[ Indian technical textile sector may grow 4 fold by 2020 ]

Do you believe in a prediction of just 4 out of 12 in technical textiles to come true after 10 years.

The Report says we lack this and that not mentioning the most important aspect of a College in Technical Textiles.

Can we ask FICCI if we are ready with the infrastructure.


NEW DELHI: India's technical textile market could grow four fold to become a $37-billion industry by 2020, provided issues such as lack of investment and absence of research and development are addressed, a report by industry body FICCI said.

According to the FICCI-

Technopak report, the Indian technical textiles market has been registering a growth of 11.25 per cent, which now stands at $8.3 billion. The growth of the sector is, however, marred by factors like lack of investment, absence of high quality R&D and database, it said.

"The lack of mandatory rules for use of technical textile products, certification agencies, design standards, guidelines and skilled manpower are also hindering growth of the sector," the chamber said.

Technical textiles are materials and products used primarily for their technical and functional properties and not for use as apparels.

Of the 12 technical textiles segments, the report identifies buildtech, geotech, meditech and protech would drive the growth of the sector.

"The demand for geotextiles and protective textiles is set to grow manifold in view of the growing infrastructure and increasing use of fire retardant textiles in various applications," the report said, adding consumption of geotech in the next five years could be around Rs 10,000 crore.


Thursday, April 17, 2008

[ M.Tech ( Tech Text ) To PhD ]

The University will award PhD to thouse students who have obtained 'Distintion in M.Tech Text examinations' after they complete a viable project in Technical Textiles,if it can be patented for Industrial use.

The time frame for the project will depend on the guiding university faculty member/members,who will review the project after every six months if the project is found to be leading to something that has not been achived by any in Technical Textile Research.

If it is favorable the time fixed can be extended for next review after six months.

If the project progress is found unfavorable,the student Fellow Researcher will have to present alternate project.

Tuesday, April 15, 2008



1 ] Advances in Wool - Author - Johnson, Russell.

2 ] Cotton: Science and Technology - Author-Gordon, Hsieh.

3 ] Bast and other fiber plants - Author - Franck.

4 ] Wool Science and Technology - Author - Simson - Crawshaw.

5 ] Cellulosic pulps,fibers and materials: Cellucon '98 procedings,Authors - Kennedy,Phillips,Williams.

6 ] Silk,Mohir,Cashmere and other Luxury fibers - Author - Frank.

7 ] Regenerated Cellulose fibers - Author - Woodings.

8 ] The chemistry and processing of wood and plant fibrous material:Cellucon'94 proceedings - Authors - Kennedy,Phillips and Williums.

9 ] Hand Book of Textile Fibres - Author - Gardon Cook(Vol 1 - Natural Fibres.)

Synthetic Fibres.

1 ] Fibrous Materials:Polyester and Polyamides.Authors,Deepura,Aligirisamy,Joshi,Gupta.

2 ] New Millennium Fibres - Author - Hongu,Takigami,Phillips.

3 ] Synthetic Fibres - Nylon,Polyester,Acrylic,Polyolefin-Author - Molntyre

4 ] High Performance Fibres - Author - Hearle.

5 ] New Fibres(Second Edition) Authors - Hongu,Phillips.

6 ] Man Made Fibres and their Processing s(6),Author - Klein

7 ] Hand Book of textile Fibres(volume 2 - Man made Fibres),Author - Gordon Cook.

Fabric Testing.

1 ] Fabric Testing - Author - Hu.

2 ] Physical properties of textile fibers(Forth Edition) - Author - Motton,Hearle.

3 ] Thermal and Moisture transport in fibrous materials - Author - Pan, Gibson.

4 ] Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on fabric hand - Author - Behery.

5 ] Chemical Testing of Textiles. - Author - Fan.

6 ] Analytical electro chemistry in textiles - Authors.-Westbrook,Priniotakis,Kiekens.

7 ] Structure and Mechanics of woven Fabrics, -Author - Hu.

8 ] Physical testing of textiles - Author - Saville.

9 ] Atlas of fibre fracture and damage to textiles(Second Edition)-Authors - Hearle,Lomas,Cooke


1 ] Hand Book of Yarn Production,Technology,Science and Economics - Author - Lord.

2 ] Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology - Author - Lawrence.

3 ] Fancy Yarns: Their manufacture and Application.-Author - Gong,Wright.

4 ] Yarn Texturing Technology - Author - Hearle,Hollick Wilson.

5 ] Short staple Yarn Spinners Hand Book.Authors - McCreight,Bradshaw,Backe,Hill.

6 ] Yarn Production - Theoretical Aspects. Authors - Gresberg.Iype.

7 ] The Technology of short staple spinning (volume 1,2nd Edition)-Author - Klein.

8 ] Advanced Fibre Spinning technology.( English Edition,Edited by Kajiwara and J E McIntyre.

9 ] Woollen Yarn Manufacture. Author - Richards Sykes

10] New Spinning Systems(5) Author - Klein.

Intelligent and Medical Textiles.

1 ] 3D Fibrous assemblies,Structures,Properties and Applications.-Author - Hu.

2 ] Biomimetics and textiles. - Author - AbboH,Ellison.

3 ] Medical Textiles 2007.Proceedings of the forth International conference on Health Care and Medical Textiles.- Authors - Kennedy,Anand,Miraftab,Rajendran.

4 ] Shape Memory Polymers and Textiles.- Author - Hu.

5 ] Smart textiles for Medicine and Health Care: Meterials,Systems and Applications. - Author - Van Langenhove

6 ] Intellegent textiles and clothing - Author - Matlia.

7 ] Wearable electronics and Photonics.- Author - Tao.

8 ] Smart fibres,fabrics and clothing: Fundamentals and applications.- Author - Tao.

9] Medical Textiles: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference -24& 25 August 1999,Bolton Institute,UK, - Author - Anand.

High Performence / technical textiles.
1 ] Hand Book of Military Textiles - Author - Wilusz.

2 ] Advances in Fire Retardant Materials - Author- Horrocks.

3 ] Materials in Sports equipment- Author - Subic.

4 ] Composites forming technologies - Author - Long.

5 ] Geo Synthetics in Civil engineering. - Author - Sarsby.

6 ] Textiles for protection - Author - Scott.

7 ] Textiles in Sports. - Author - Shishoo.

8 ] Design and Manufacture of textile Composites Author - Long.

9 ] Hand Book of Fibre Rope Technology.-Author - Mckenna,Hearle.O'Hear.

10] Carpet Manufacture - Author - CrawShaw.

11] Applications of Rubber in textiles.- Author - Wootton.

12] Textiles in Automotive Engineering Author - Fung,Hard Castle.

13] Hand Book Of Technical Textiles - Authors - Horrocks,Anand.

14] 3D textile reinforcement in composite materials- Author - Miravete.

15] Welligton Sears hand book of Industrial textiles.-Author - Adanur.


Mr.Ravindra Saxena
Sara Books Pvt Ltd
4832/24,Ansari Road
New Delhi -110001.

Wednesday, April 9, 2008

[ Testing Instruments Requirement. ].

Text Book for Technical Textile Marketing Subjects

Cotton Testing Machines Required.

1)Fiber Length Tester - On line application - Rapid Test:-
a)This Tester must be with latest improvements in Computer technology and electronics and must have high accuracy and reproducibility meeting ISO quality management requirements.It should be for use in cotton,man made and all natural fibers.There must be for use not only in the college laboratory but also for 'online' use in the mills.It should be fully automatic and there should not be any chance for operative or sampling error.The need for rapid test say 10 samples in 10 minutes is essential.Calibration need or material should not be essential.Conditioning and testing need must be absent.Must be portable.
b)Measured Parameters must Include:-
i ) Upper Length.
This corresponding to 2.5% span length of filograph or HVI.Settings at Draw Frame can be optimized with this.
ii) TC-LCT Length.
This is close to mean fiber length and provides an eastimate of fiber breakage at various stages of processing,also this indicates the fiber fractionation achieved at Comber.
iii)Fiber Hooks.
Total number of leading and trailing hooks in a sliver,which is needed for optimizing number of Doubling passages and Doubling and Draft at Draw Frames.
iv)TC-LCT Length X Fiber Hooks.
Required to know the Hook Length.
vi)Short Fiber Length.
10% This valve gives an indication of Fiber breakages in processing.
vii)Short Fiber Amount.
This Indicates the ratio between long and short fibers.
Higher breakages in processing lead to amount of short Fibers.
viii)Short Fiber Gradient.
This value indicates fiber breakages(a lower value means more breakages.)
1)Enables to set the Draw Frame and Comber Draw Box for optimum settings and avoid Fiber breakages.
2)Helps in Estimating Setting at Licker-in Zone in Cards,minimizing Fiber Breaks.
3)Highly useful in Estimating Fractioning Efficiency of Comber.
4)Helps Locate Sub Standard Machinery in the department.
This Machine must be functional 'Online'.
2)Automatic (1)Tensile,(2)Evenness and (3)Count Tester:-
Strength,Elongation,Evenness and Count are the important quality parameters of yarn
Quality is monitored with these major primary properties,as any deviation from customers specifications will result in rejection and financial loss.
All the Three Tests must be carried out by this instruments as per programme needs.It must be possible to carry out even one of the Test if required.
3)Testing Equipment for Cotton Classifying System.
CCS is a fiber laboratory to determine Micronaire value,maturity,linear density,fiber length distribution,tensile strength / elongation,degrees of whiteness and yellowness as well as neps,trash and dust content.It is applicable for raw cotton in order to classify cotton as well as sliver and roving in order to perform tests for technological testing during spinning process in order to assess the spin ability of cotton fiber.The test report from this instrument must give:
i)Test report for each single test.
ii)Test report for all tests together in one report.
iii)Storing all data reports.
iv)Test coding for later analysis.
v)Force,ellongation and Leniar density of man made fiber tests should be possible.
vi)The Instrument must have USDA certification.
4) Fibrotest - Fiber Length and Strength Tester:
Key Fiber Characteristics of Cotton.
Fiber Length and breaking strength determine to a large extent the processing of cotton fiber in to yarn and the properties of the yarn itself.
Fiber length is usually measured on a bundle of fibers according to the Fibrograph system.This test is based on the optical scanning device and delivers various parameters characterizing fiber length distribution.
Fiber length is measured on fiber bundles also as the fiber bundle strength depends on the number of fibers in the bundle.The Instrument chosen should therefore must be very highly accurate.

5)Instrument for measuring:-
a)Liner Density.
b)Tensile Test.
6)Automatic Single Fiber Shrinkage Test System.
7)Digital Micro/Macro Microscope.
There are many more testing instruments for testing yarn,fibers of so many in natural and man made and fabrics also in apparels and technical textiles that even in one research organizations we cannot find.
Many of the testing instruments listed above are all for mainly cotton and few are for technical textiles.
The project being a College for Technical Textiles and a Technical Textile Mill the need for testing instruments need a big budget allocation.A point that needs no mention.