Wednesday, December 17, 2008

TECHNICAL TEXTILES FOR INDIA: [ Technical Textiles - DSM Dyneema patent upheld.]

Technical Textiles - DSM Dyneema patent upheld.

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Friday, December 5, 2008

[ This is most Welcome.][ Let it be Bangalore please.]

University plans campus in India

6:00am Thursday 4th December 2008
By Saiqa Chaudhari »

INDIA could be the Jewel in the Crown as the University of Bolton bids to create its own academic empire.

The university is in talks to open its second purpose-built campus in India.

At the start of this academic year, the university opened a £1 million branch campus in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

The planned campus for India would be a similar establishment.

Talks are still in their early stages and as yet no location in the country has been decided or the types of courses it would offer.

Senior university chiefs are also considering moves to establish a campus in Singapore.

India has been chosen because of the university’s reputation as a leading research institution in the field of textiles.

If successful, the move will strengthen the university’s international standing.

University of Bolton Vice-Chancellor Dr George Holmes said: “Having successfully launched its first branch campus in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, the University of Bolton is looking to develop its international presence.

“The University has ambitions to open branch campuses in India and possibly Singapore in the future. With our world-recognised research tradition in materials and technical textiles we already have strong links with India, but any discussions are at the very earliest stages.”

Professor Subnash Anand, from the university’s Centre for Materials Research and Innovation, is currently a visiting professor at universities in India.

Since being awarded university status in 2005, the former Bolton Institute has undergone rapid expansion locally and globally. It has bases in universities in China, Bahrain, Germany, Malaysia, Malawi and Vietnam.

And among the new universities, it is one of the leading establishments in developing global links.

The proposed campus in India would be modelled on the UAE campus, which offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

The programmes are directly equivalent to those provided for students at Bolton and share the same exam boards.

University chiefs are also keen to organise exchange visits to give students in Bolton an opportunity to study at the new UAE campus for part of their degree course.

Dr Holmes said: “Our plans are to grow to give our students the opportunity to study overseas and become global citizens.”

It marks a further strengthening in Bolton’s relations with the sub-continent. The town is also planning to lead a trade mission to Mumbai next year.

Greater Manchester’s Chamber of Commerce Bolton manager Nigel McFarlane said: “The proposals are exciting for the town and will further the town’s standing as it develops important links with growing economies.”

Keith Davies, Director of Development and Regeneration at Bolton Council said: “We’re delighted to hear that the University of Bolton is looking to expand into India, which is consistent with the market opportunities we see for Bolton businesses. The university has been invited to join the Bolton delegation as part of the North-west trade mission, taking place in February, to explore the opportunities India has to offer. They have been a valuable partner in similar missions to China in the past.”


Wednesday, November 26, 2008

[ Technical Textiles - Industrial Yarn.]

The Spinning Machine for Industrial yarns as shown in the diagram at the ITME 2008 Exhibition stall at Bangalore consists of as mentioned at the left of the diagram which is not clear is given under:

( 1 ) Extruder from the Hopper.



( 3 ) Spinning Pump.

( 4 ) Spinning Pack.



Take-up Machine.

( 7 ) OILING.


( 9 ) DRAW ZONE.

( 10 ) WINDER.

TMT spinning system for industrial yarn is top-of-the-joint product by TMT Machinery that unified the capabilities of three major Japanese synthetic textile machinery supplier, Toray Engineering, Murata Machinery, and Teijin Seiki.
TMT spinning system for industry yarn promises the highest reliability and yield. It is best engineered extremely user-friendly and smart looking.
TMT spinning system for industrial yarn is superbly fine tuned so as to achieve the fullest satisfaction of the customer in all over the world by responding to the diversified request of the industry.

Concept and Applications.:

1 ]Cord,etc.

PET up to 1500D 3,000 to 7000 m/min 3 to 4 ends[C]
PA up to 1,890D - 2,000 to 3,500m/min - 2,3 or 4 ends[F]

2 ] Conveyor

PET up to 1,500D 3,000to4,000 m/min 2or4 ends[B]

PA up to 1,260D 2,000 to 3,500 m/min 2,3or4ends[F]

3] Seat Belt.

PET up to 1,500D 2,500 to 4,500 m/min 4to6ends[B]

4] Air Bag.

PA up to 840D
2,500 to 4,000 m/min 4,6or8ends[E]

5] Hose,Nets,etc.

PET up to 500D 2,500 to 4,500 m/min 4,6or12ends[B]

PA up to 420D 2,500 to 4,000 m/min 4,6,8or12ends[E]

6]Fishing Net,

PET up to 500D 2,500 to 4,500 m/min 4,6,8,or12ends[B][E]

PA up to 420D 2,500 to 4,000 m/min 4,6,8 or 12 ends[D]


PET up to500D 2,500 to 4,500 m/min 6,8 or 12 ends[B][E]

8] Oxford, etc.

PA up to 420D 2,500 to 4,500 m/min 6.8 or 12 ends[A][D]


1)Extruder - Horizontal type with single screw for easy operation.



:Heated by heat medium for easy operation.


:Kenics type.



1)Polymer piping.

:Same Residential Time.

2)Polymer Pump.

:High pressure endurance.

3)Pump drive.

:Vertical drive with safety pin.

4)Spinning Pack.

:Bottom loading to prevent Chimney effect and
for easy operation.

:Round type for temperature uniformity.

(Spinneret Max.240mm Dia.)

:Quick fitting (90-degree tighten angle)

5)Annealing Device,Quiescent Hood.

:To cool polymer gently.

6)Quench Stack.

:Air flow uniformity with Effective Cooling and
Easy Operation.

:Less than 2,000 denier by Cross Flow type.

:3,000 denier by Circular Flow type.


1)Oiling System.

:Using an Oiling roll improves the adherence and
uniformity of oiling.

2)Yarn Cutter and Aspirator.

:Positive cutting and positive catching are secured.

3)Yarn pass.

:Optimal godet roll length and roll arrangement.

based on the thread characteristic.

4)Space saving.

5)Godet roll unit.

:By the compact design,maintenance is easy.


:TMT takes in a request of a visitor and offers the
best layout.


1)Surface Temperature.

:Surface Temperature Profile Uniformity.

by heat medium (Rmax<3degc)>
2)Flange mounting

:Flange mounting and easy mounting on Take up flame from front.

3)ON-Line monitoring.

:ON-Line monitoring of temperature.

4)The outstanding performance.

:The outstanding high-load and high-speed performance.

5)Wide working length

:Wide working length (= Roll length - 60mm)

The Layouts for [A] - [B] - [C] - [D] - [E] & [F]
being the Standard or as per customers need.

Main Specifications for PET

1. Regular Speed.

Denier - 250D/500D/1000D/1050D/3000D.

Ends/Pos.6,8,12 up to 500D and 4 for other Pos.

Speed for all Deniers for all Pos. is from 200 to 4000m/min.


Polymer path - Welded type. - Vertical type.

M.P.QTY/Pos - 3,4,6 for 250 & 500D and 2 for other deniers.

Pack Type - Bottom Loading and One-touch set for all deniers.

Spinnerets Diameter - 100mm for 250D/120mm for 500D/

190mm for 1000 & 1500D/240mm for 3000D

Annealing hood - Casting heater for all.

Quiescent hood - Nil.

Steam Seal,MO suction - Nil.

Quenching Type - Cross Flow for 250,500,1000 & 1500D,
and Circular flow for 3000D.

The FOB Price of this System was unavailable
at the Stall in the Exhibition.


Monday, September 22, 2008

[ Technical Textiles - No for N T C Ltd.]


This mill has all the infrastructure required to start a Technical Textile College and Research University with a full fledged technical textile mill but who is to bell the Cat.Who is the Cat.

The Road to the Yellamma Mill Village Tolahunse.

Goddess Shri Yellamma inside the Temple.

Private and Public company's who hesitated to venture in to Technical Textiles a decade ago are now boldly going in for Technical Textiles ventures either as their expansion plan or as green field projects.
Our country's premier Government of India managed National Textile Corporation is engaged in closing textile mill which was capable of Technical Textile products.
One such mill is "Sree Yellamma Cotton,Woolen & Silk Mills".
This mill which was taken over by an Ordinance by Government of India,and was having junk textiles machinery which was more like a go down of old textile machinery.
It was the wish of the Prime Minister at that period in 60's to provide jobs for the unemployed closed textile mills, the textile mills that were about to be closed,the owners of many textile mills who were threatening to close and few which were mismanaged and on the verge of closure.The Labour Unions of these mills had approached the Prime Minister to see that the workers would not face unemployment and become a burden to the society and the Government.
The Ordinance to Nationalize these mills was therefore inevitable.
Under the Umbrella of the Government " National Textile Corporation Ltd "which was a Government of India "Managed" undertaking and not a Government Undertaking was formed.A wise decision was taken to prevent millions of employees to go out of the purview of getting the benefits of Government Employees.
With Rapid Actions, East,West,North and South Zones were created and a Central Office to control all the Zones was in place at the Capital.
Rapid Actions created Rapid Reactions with Bureaucrat's taking wise and unwise actions.
Very soon Zones were dismantled and mills all over India were formed in to Subsidiary company's on the basis of Spindleage.
These Subsidiary company's had Chairman cum Managing Directors who had as many directors in Technical,Finance,Marketing and Personal,who in turn had as many officers as they liked and everything was out of control in few and in control in few resulting in profit in few,marginal loses in few and heavy loses in few.
At the helm of everything was the Chairman a highly respected gentleman respected by the textile industry who was a PhD in Textiles from UK but he had a Bureaucrat as the Managing Director with unlimited powers.Soon the Chairman quietly was out of the big family of all types of highly intelligent and ignorant people managing all the mills all over India.One of the mill victimized was:
Shree Yellamma Cotton,Woolen & Silk Mills
This mill which was working well was planed for greedy unwanted expansion with mismatched project plan and equally mismatched textile machinery from as many as seven different textile machinery makers for a single project.The product mix planed was not started due to a set of machinery not received in time.Even if the machinery was installed the market price that was taken was inappropriate due to market not accepting the quality as it had no reputation for it.The project for the mill had ignored the Quality Testing Instrument required to test the end product in house.If it was included perhaps the project would have become nonviable.
The mill slowly but steadily improved the quality and was recognized as a supplier of consistent quality of the product.There was new product mix with a tag that said Money Back if product was inferior and had the seal of quality of Bureau of Indian Standards ISI.Synthetic and cotton blended products.Pure synthetic yarn for Industrial use " Technical Textiles " was introduced.
Artificial Wool products were in good demand which was produced after getting technical processing details which were obtained unofficially through friends from mills which were manufacturing such product.This experiment was a instant sucsus in the market.Few more products were under planning but the subsidiary office which was responsible for sales found it a hard task to market but were grappling with it.
The mill introduced cost control measures,Workers participation in management was working well and labour rationalization as per industry norms was in force.The person guiding the mills has received recognition from the world body of "Textile Institute" Manchester,UK.Further a " Asia Hong Kong Award " was given to the mills.One Hundred Percent of mills production was under ISI certificate.
The Mills Reputition was Super amoung the mills under it's category of mills in
the Subsidiary of seven mills.

The mill was for over seven years under a Technically Qualified person with vast experience.He was transfered and the mill went through such unwanted transfers till it reached the distingtion as the worst mill.
One fine day the last worker left the mills with a packet of VRS in his hand.
The mill gate were shut for ever.
Pictures of the mills after ten years are shown here along with this text elsewhere.
They won't give up they are starting a new mill at our Ex-Priminister's home district HASSAN.
It is a Green Field project.

A Report in the News Paper " The Hindu ".
DAVANGERE: Another cotton mill is on the verge of closure in Davangere, which was once considered the Manchester of Karnataka as it had a large number of cotton mills. The Sri Yellamma Cotton, Wool and Silk Mill, which is close to celebrating its golden jubilee year, may shut down in the next few days.

The Yellamma cotton mill, which was earlier owned by a private company, sustained losses and was almost closed down around five years ago.


However, the mill has accumulated a debt of over Rs. 42 crores and is not in a position to continue functioning.

The mill reportedly offered a modified voluntary retirement scheme to (MVRS) to its employees. Only a few employees will continue to work in the mill till formalities of closing the establishment are completed.

Efforts are on to provide compensation to the workers. There are around 309 workers at the mill and of them 115 are permanent staff members.

According to sources at the mill, the NTC does not plan to hand over the mill to private companies on contract. Of the 53 mills of the NTC, only 10 are said to be registering a profit and five other mills are running on no profit-no loss basis. The cotton mills in the district have been spinning yarn from indigenous cotton, of medium and short staple kinds, for over six decades.

Though cotton is largely purchased locally, the bigger mills used to import cotton to spin yarn of a higher thread count. The cotton mills used to manufacture long-cloth, shirting, dhotis, saris, towels, and bed sheets.

According to a resident here, the demand for the cloth produced at these mills was so high, people used to queue up outside showrooms of the mill to place orders.

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Blogger's Comment.

NTC does not mention how the mill ran in to a Debt of 42 Crores.

The mill was paying 25 % of it's income as interest to NTC on the Loan given by NTC,while the Norm for Interest payment in Textile Industry is 4 to 6 %.Why did NTC give such a huge Loan ?.Which was the unjustified reason for the mill closure.How much of 42 crores was received by NTC?.

Has NTC made any Investments Like the one mentioned hereunder in any mill it managed for over 15 years.

They started buying machines like vegitables from any tom dick and harry.

Investments made by a private company year wise as given below IN TECHNOLOGY


Incorporating & Working on the latest and the upcoming technologies, has helped us to become the best in the industry. We justify ourselves by giving a glimpse at it :

Company installed 130 " wide Fully Electronic Lockstitch Swiss Quilting machine with 360 degree quilting facilities, first of its kind in India.
Company developed an in-house technology to manufacture Textile Auxiliary Chemicals for Captive Consumption resulting in better fabric quality at cheaper rates.
Company installed Fusible Interlining plant with Microdot Coating Technology .
Company signed TOT (Transfer of Technology) agreement with DMSRDE (A DRDO unit) to manufacture Glacier Tents and High Altitude Sleeping Bags.
Company sets up the facilities to manufacture Technical Textiles like NBC (Nuclear Bio-Chemical) fabric, IR (Infrared Reflective) fabric.
Company sets up a Denim manufacturing plant with Rope Dying Technology.
Company incorporates Screen Making Technology with 1200 resolution.
Company entered into Joint Ventures with Armet Armoured Vehicles Ltd U.K for manufacturing and assembly of 360 degree protection Armored vehicles; we take pride to introduce it for the first time in India.
Company is working on Nano Technology - to produce smart textiles e.g. smart caps, vests and bed sheets equipped with Nano Carbon Sensors - one of the first of its kind in the world.

Saturday, September 13, 2008

[ Technical Textiles - Who is our Advisor to Prime Minister on Technical Textiles.]

When will National Textile Corporation Learn.At least from Private Entrepreneurs

SEL Manufacturing to invest 5 bln rupees in textile park

Wed Sep 10, 2008 12:28pm IST

MUMBAI (Reuters) - SEL Manufacturing Co said it would invest about 5 billion rupees to set up a technical textiles park in Himachal Pradesh.

The project would cover around 100 acres of land, create 10,000 jobs and cover the entire range of technical textiles including hygiene products like wipes, diapers and surgical clothing, the company said.

The firm has applied for government approval to sanction the project under the integrated textile park scheme, it added.

By this time the project work would have already started.

Sunday, September 7, 2008

[ Technical Textiles - FINLEY MILL FIASCO ]

[A one page advertisement on laying of foundation stone of Finlay Mills]

[ Finley Mills burried in Mumbai awaits another at Achalpur.]

The foundation stone of Finlay Mills is over and it is anybody's guess as to when the mill will go on production with 48.000 spindles and 144 shuttle less Looms producing 60.000 meters of cloth per day.
The mill also has 4000 kgs of yarn dying capacity per day.
The mill has 48.000 spindles which can meet the weaving requirement partly.
The mill has to get yarn from outside to utilize the dying capacity fully.
This Finlay Fiasco has Rs.236 crores estimated to cost for 48.000 spindles and 144 shuttle less looms,which means the entire cost for the project works out to approximately Rs.5.5 lackhs per spindle,what are the items included in the mills for complete project including the infrastructure?.[ of course they can't advertise. ]

What sort of products can this mill produce ?.

What short of fabrics are in short supply to our country citizens ?.
Will this Finlay Mills produce fabrics cheaper than our private mills ?.
Are we getting suiting & shirting manufactured by Raymond's, Reid & Taylor, Bombay Dyeing, Century.Arvinds and others ?.
Will it produce the most popular fabric Jeens ?.
A total of Rs.1155 Crores awaits 22 mills for modernization !!.
Each mill gets Rs.52.50 crores and how will they use it ?.
If NTC is giving Rs.52.50 crores to each mill and if these mills are under joint venture,will the unfortunate or fortunate private party joining this joint venture also shell out the same amount in each mill ?.
The advertisement says it will generate 12.02 million direct jobs by 2012.
NTC has under its control 22 mills so each mill will have 0.54 million employees?
NTC has dispensed with 59.017 workers under MVRS by paying Rs.2,118 crores in about 80 textile mills which were nationalized to provide jobs.Can we say that not one of these mills could be made as a green field project ?.
The Textile Industry: Visionary leadership - How many leaders so far in the Ministry of Textiles ?
In NTC so far ?.
Why NTC didn't plan a Technical Textile Mill ?.

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

[ Technical Textiles - Govt in a hurry ]

Textile Institute in Karnataka is Engineering College with a Principal in Textiles.

The Government of Karnataka managed Technological Institute of Textiles,which celebrated it's Golden Jubilee with out any deviation in it's curricular activities of bringing out the best textile technocrat graduates,masters and Ph D's has now become a Engineering College offering courses in Computer science,Civil Engineering and other pure engineering courses.There is no permanent teaching faculty in newly started courses.
It has only 5 permanent textile teaching faculty.

This is a disgrace to the founder's of this Pure Textile College of Karnataka.The Institute which was a gift to the textile industry by the ruler's of erstwhile Government of Mysore needed upgrading to a Research Institute in Technical Textiles and a College with new machinery of every type in the manufacture of Textiles,Technical Textiles and Non Wovens.
The Institute stands with out any improvement in it's infrastructure.The century old textile machinery and the chemical laboratory has been cut off from electric power supply as the power bill is not paid.
The students cannot see the machines working let alone to have the knowledge of even knowing how to start the machine.
The existing class rooms will not accommodate new increased students in newly added courses.The Govt may build in the adjoining old soap factory but it will be a vertical structure with out the look of a college of international standards.and may take a few years.
As of now there is no open space for students for sports and social activities,except to walk around the adjoining vast open gardens of Cubbon Park.
Even the teaching faculty has been deprived of few good professors ,who are transfered to New Engineering colleges started in a hurry by the politicians in power who knew their day's in power being numbered.and the fate of the New Engineering Colleges are now governed by the Principals who are Textile teaching professionals.
A detailed review of this Institutes's functioning is now a urgent need of the hour.Is there a hope to see this Institute as a High Tech Research Institute and a Technical Textile College with a Technical Textile full fledged Mill.
We are aware of Crores of tax payer's money being given to few Textile Research Institutes's.
Why not few crores to this Heritage Institute.
Let some body in power take a look at this Majestic Institute.
We the old students of this institute hope for the best.

Wednesday, August 13, 2008

[Research is our need in Technical Textiles]


Government of India is spending money in Billions of Rs.on upgrading Textile Mills and giving grants to Research Institutes for purposes other than Hi-Tech Research and to our misfortune there is no Technical Textiles Research University integrated with a working complete range of Technical Textile products and awarding a Degree in B.E(Tech Text) or Masters or a PhD in Technical Textiles.Dr.Ram Kumar a leading American Indian is roaming all over India and doing his research in Technical Textiles in USA and his research is now on production in USA but no one INDIA is interested in asking him to set up this infrastructure in India.THIS BLOG IS A PROJECT FOR SUCH AN ACTION

Wednesday, July 16, 2008

[ Technical Textile Colleges ]

Here's is a table that can be read with

Metro City's College

01] Textile Degree in BE Mumbai 1
02] Tech Textile Degree in BE " Nil
03] Textile Degree in BE Chanai 1
04] Tech Textile Degree in BE " Nil
05] Textile Degree in BE Kolkata 1
06] Tech Textile Masters " 1(Jute)
07] Textile Degree in BE Delhi 1

Tuesday, May 13, 2008


Have we been taught these subjects.

1 ] Fibers of all types,conventional,high strength and high modulus organic fibers,high chemical-and - combustion-resistance organic fibers,high performance inorganic fibers,ultra fine and novelty fibers.

2 ] Technical Yarns.

3 ] Technical Textile fabric structures and process from fiber to fabric of all types woven,Non woven,Knitted in natural and man made fibers.

4 ] The machineries that are used.

5 ] There applications from apparel to aerospace and space.

6 ] Spinning of all types of fibers and the modern high tech technology used.

7 ] Weaving of all types of yarn on high speed modern looms and Preparatory to weaving.

8 ] Processing of all types of fabric in high sped processing machines.

9 ] Knitting on high speed knitting machines.
to be continued...

A single "Hand Book on Technical Textiles" gives the all aspects on Non Wovens.

The cover page picture of such book is shown above.

Thursday, May 1, 2008

[ Intelligent textiles that will be tought in the college.]

Figure 1. Top and cross section views of the proposed flexible skin to be woven into textiles.

Intelligent textiles, variously known as smart fabrics, electronic textiles, or e-textiles, have attracted considerable attentions worldwide due to their potential to bring revolutionary impacts on human life. Despite many promising progresses in this exciting newly emerged research field, there still exist a number of important obstacles. One of the most challenging issues is the conflict between the flexibility of the textiles and the need to incorporate sensing and computation modules. To address this critical issue, an innovative intelligent textile technology is proposed. The central hypothesis is that practical intelligent textiles can be realized by integrating fabrics with flexible transducers/electronics that are made using a unique, ‘flexible-skin’ technology.

The unique features of the silicon-based flexible skins are extremely desirable for intelligent textiles. A novel approach of making intelligent textiles by integrating the silicon-based flexible skins with textiles is proposed. The most important advantage of this novel technology is its compatibility with current MEMS and IC technologies, since MEMS devices (micromachined transducers) and ICs can be fabricated on the silicon wafer before the formation of the skin. This not only saves significant R&D efforts by avoiding re-invention, but also enables the integration of abundant sensing and computational capabilities offered by the silicon-based technology.

In order to be integrated with textiles, the original flexible skins are modified and a new perforated structure is proposed as schematically shown in Fig. 1. The new flexible skin consists of 4 components: (1) silicon islands that host sensors, electronics, and bonding pads; (2) metal interconnect wires between silicon islands; (3) polymer layers that sandwich silicon islands and metal wires; and (4) stitching holes etched through polymer layers, which allow the direct sewing into fabrics. One of the fabricated silicon flexible skins is shown in Fig. 2 (a). It can be easily twisted and bent without breaking the interconnect traces and silicon islands as shown in Fig 2 (b)
Figure 2. (a) A silicon flexible skin with stitching holes; (b) a folded silicon flexible skin.
The flexible transducers/circuits made by the proposed method can be directly embroidered into textiles. It is worth noting that the stitching methods and patterns have substantial impact on the mechanical properties and robustness of the assembled fabrics. Numerous stitching patterns and methods, which have already been developed in the textile industry, will be an excellent resource to exploit. The following picture shows one skin stitched onto the surface of textiles using conductive yarns. The electrical contact was made by conductive epoxy.
Figure 3. A silicon flexible skin stitched onto the surface of a piece of KEVLARÒ fabric.
To study the mechanical properties of the assembled intelligent textiles, diffused silicon strain gauges were integrated on silicon islands as shown in the following picture. These strain gauges enable in-situ measurement of the strains experienced by the silicon islands during stretching, twisting, or bending.
Figure 4. Flexible skin with integrated strain gauges.


This research is supported by NSF Grant ECS-0501314.


R. B. Katragadda and Y. Xu, “A Novel Intelligent Textile Technology Based on Silicon Flexible Skins”, Proceeding of the International symposium on wearable computer 2005 (ISWC05), Osaka, Japan, Oct. 18-21, 2005.

Wednesday, April 30, 2008

[ Do you Know these Machines.]

Technical Textile students can you guess where all these machines are used.

If you can,then say it in the comment box and leave your address for the correct answer you will get a Bumper Prize.

Monday, April 21, 2008

[ Indian technical textile sector may grow 4 fold by 2020 ]

Do you believe in a prediction of just 4 out of 12 in technical textiles to come true after 10 years.

The Report says we lack this and that not mentioning the most important aspect of a College in Technical Textiles.

Can we ask FICCI if we are ready with the infrastructure.


NEW DELHI: India's technical textile market could grow four fold to become a $37-billion industry by 2020, provided issues such as lack of investment and absence of research and development are addressed, a report by industry body FICCI said.

According to the FICCI-

Technopak report, the Indian technical textiles market has been registering a growth of 11.25 per cent, which now stands at $8.3 billion. The growth of the sector is, however, marred by factors like lack of investment, absence of high quality R&D and database, it said.

"The lack of mandatory rules for use of technical textile products, certification agencies, design standards, guidelines and skilled manpower are also hindering growth of the sector," the chamber said.

Technical textiles are materials and products used primarily for their technical and functional properties and not for use as apparels.

Of the 12 technical textiles segments, the report identifies buildtech, geotech, meditech and protech would drive the growth of the sector.

"The demand for geotextiles and protective textiles is set to grow manifold in view of the growing infrastructure and increasing use of fire retardant textiles in various applications," the report said, adding consumption of geotech in the next five years could be around Rs 10,000 crore.


Thursday, April 17, 2008

[ M.Tech ( Tech Text ) To PhD ]

The University will award PhD to thouse students who have obtained 'Distintion in M.Tech Text examinations' after they complete a viable project in Technical Textiles,if it can be patented for Industrial use.

The time frame for the project will depend on the guiding university faculty member/members,who will review the project after every six months if the project is found to be leading to something that has not been achived by any in Technical Textile Research.

If it is favorable the time fixed can be extended for next review after six months.

If the project progress is found unfavorable,the student Fellow Researcher will have to present alternate project.

Tuesday, April 15, 2008



1 ] Advances in Wool - Author - Johnson, Russell.

2 ] Cotton: Science and Technology - Author-Gordon, Hsieh.

3 ] Bast and other fiber plants - Author - Franck.

4 ] Wool Science and Technology - Author - Simson - Crawshaw.

5 ] Cellulosic pulps,fibers and materials: Cellucon '98 procedings,Authors - Kennedy,Phillips,Williams.

6 ] Silk,Mohir,Cashmere and other Luxury fibers - Author - Frank.

7 ] Regenerated Cellulose fibers - Author - Woodings.

8 ] The chemistry and processing of wood and plant fibrous material:Cellucon'94 proceedings - Authors - Kennedy,Phillips and Williums.

9 ] Hand Book of Textile Fibres - Author - Gardon Cook(Vol 1 - Natural Fibres.)

Synthetic Fibres.

1 ] Fibrous Materials:Polyester and Polyamides.Authors,Deepura,Aligirisamy,Joshi,Gupta.

2 ] New Millennium Fibres - Author - Hongu,Takigami,Phillips.

3 ] Synthetic Fibres - Nylon,Polyester,Acrylic,Polyolefin-Author - Molntyre

4 ] High Performance Fibres - Author - Hearle.

5 ] New Fibres(Second Edition) Authors - Hongu,Phillips.

6 ] Man Made Fibres and their Processing s(6),Author - Klein

7 ] Hand Book of textile Fibres(volume 2 - Man made Fibres),Author - Gordon Cook.

Fabric Testing.

1 ] Fabric Testing - Author - Hu.

2 ] Physical properties of textile fibers(Forth Edition) - Author - Motton,Hearle.

3 ] Thermal and Moisture transport in fibrous materials - Author - Pan, Gibson.

4 ] Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on fabric hand - Author - Behery.

5 ] Chemical Testing of Textiles. - Author - Fan.

6 ] Analytical electro chemistry in textiles - Authors.-Westbrook,Priniotakis,Kiekens.

7 ] Structure and Mechanics of woven Fabrics, -Author - Hu.

8 ] Physical testing of textiles - Author - Saville.

9 ] Atlas of fibre fracture and damage to textiles(Second Edition)-Authors - Hearle,Lomas,Cooke


1 ] Hand Book of Yarn Production,Technology,Science and Economics - Author - Lord.

2 ] Fundamentals of Spun Yarn Technology - Author - Lawrence.

3 ] Fancy Yarns: Their manufacture and Application.-Author - Gong,Wright.

4 ] Yarn Texturing Technology - Author - Hearle,Hollick Wilson.

5 ] Short staple Yarn Spinners Hand Book.Authors - McCreight,Bradshaw,Backe,Hill.

6 ] Yarn Production - Theoretical Aspects. Authors - Gresberg.Iype.

7 ] The Technology of short staple spinning (volume 1,2nd Edition)-Author - Klein.

8 ] Advanced Fibre Spinning technology.( English Edition,Edited by Kajiwara and J E McIntyre.

9 ] Woollen Yarn Manufacture. Author - Richards Sykes

10] New Spinning Systems(5) Author - Klein.

Intelligent and Medical Textiles.

1 ] 3D Fibrous assemblies,Structures,Properties and Applications.-Author - Hu.

2 ] Biomimetics and textiles. - Author - AbboH,Ellison.

3 ] Medical Textiles 2007.Proceedings of the forth International conference on Health Care and Medical Textiles.- Authors - Kennedy,Anand,Miraftab,Rajendran.

4 ] Shape Memory Polymers and Textiles.- Author - Hu.

5 ] Smart textiles for Medicine and Health Care: Meterials,Systems and Applications. - Author - Van Langenhove

6 ] Intellegent textiles and clothing - Author - Matlia.

7 ] Wearable electronics and Photonics.- Author - Tao.

8 ] Smart fibres,fabrics and clothing: Fundamentals and applications.- Author - Tao.

9] Medical Textiles: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference -24& 25 August 1999,Bolton Institute,UK, - Author - Anand.

High Performence / technical textiles.
1 ] Hand Book of Military Textiles - Author - Wilusz.

2 ] Advances in Fire Retardant Materials - Author- Horrocks.

3 ] Materials in Sports equipment- Author - Subic.

4 ] Composites forming technologies - Author - Long.

5 ] Geo Synthetics in Civil engineering. - Author - Sarsby.

6 ] Textiles for protection - Author - Scott.

7 ] Textiles in Sports. - Author - Shishoo.

8 ] Design and Manufacture of textile Composites Author - Long.

9 ] Hand Book of Fibre Rope Technology.-Author - Mckenna,Hearle.O'Hear.

10] Carpet Manufacture - Author - CrawShaw.

11] Applications of Rubber in textiles.- Author - Wootton.

12] Textiles in Automotive Engineering Author - Fung,Hard Castle.

13] Hand Book Of Technical Textiles - Authors - Horrocks,Anand.

14] 3D textile reinforcement in composite materials- Author - Miravete.

15] Welligton Sears hand book of Industrial textiles.-Author - Adanur.


Mr.Ravindra Saxena
Sara Books Pvt Ltd
4832/24,Ansari Road
New Delhi -110001.

Wednesday, April 9, 2008

[ Testing Instruments Requirement. ].

Text Book for Technical Textile Marketing Subjects

Cotton Testing Machines Required.

1)Fiber Length Tester - On line application - Rapid Test:-
a)This Tester must be with latest improvements in Computer technology and electronics and must have high accuracy and reproducibility meeting ISO quality management requirements.It should be for use in cotton,man made and all natural fibers.There must be for use not only in the college laboratory but also for 'online' use in the mills.It should be fully automatic and there should not be any chance for operative or sampling error.The need for rapid test say 10 samples in 10 minutes is essential.Calibration need or material should not be essential.Conditioning and testing need must be absent.Must be portable.
b)Measured Parameters must Include:-
i ) Upper Length.
This corresponding to 2.5% span length of filograph or HVI.Settings at Draw Frame can be optimized with this.
ii) TC-LCT Length.
This is close to mean fiber length and provides an eastimate of fiber breakage at various stages of processing,also this indicates the fiber fractionation achieved at Comber.
iii)Fiber Hooks.
Total number of leading and trailing hooks in a sliver,which is needed for optimizing number of Doubling passages and Doubling and Draft at Draw Frames.
iv)TC-LCT Length X Fiber Hooks.
Required to know the Hook Length.
vi)Short Fiber Length.
10% This valve gives an indication of Fiber breakages in processing.
vii)Short Fiber Amount.
This Indicates the ratio between long and short fibers.
Higher breakages in processing lead to amount of short Fibers.
viii)Short Fiber Gradient.
This value indicates fiber breakages(a lower value means more breakages.)
1)Enables to set the Draw Frame and Comber Draw Box for optimum settings and avoid Fiber breakages.
2)Helps in Estimating Setting at Licker-in Zone in Cards,minimizing Fiber Breaks.
3)Highly useful in Estimating Fractioning Efficiency of Comber.
4)Helps Locate Sub Standard Machinery in the department.
This Machine must be functional 'Online'.
2)Automatic (1)Tensile,(2)Evenness and (3)Count Tester:-
Strength,Elongation,Evenness and Count are the important quality parameters of yarn
Quality is monitored with these major primary properties,as any deviation from customers specifications will result in rejection and financial loss.
All the Three Tests must be carried out by this instruments as per programme needs.It must be possible to carry out even one of the Test if required.
3)Testing Equipment for Cotton Classifying System.
CCS is a fiber laboratory to determine Micronaire value,maturity,linear density,fiber length distribution,tensile strength / elongation,degrees of whiteness and yellowness as well as neps,trash and dust content.It is applicable for raw cotton in order to classify cotton as well as sliver and roving in order to perform tests for technological testing during spinning process in order to assess the spin ability of cotton fiber.The test report from this instrument must give:
i)Test report for each single test.
ii)Test report for all tests together in one report.
iii)Storing all data reports.
iv)Test coding for later analysis.
v)Force,ellongation and Leniar density of man made fiber tests should be possible.
vi)The Instrument must have USDA certification.
4) Fibrotest - Fiber Length and Strength Tester:
Key Fiber Characteristics of Cotton.
Fiber Length and breaking strength determine to a large extent the processing of cotton fiber in to yarn and the properties of the yarn itself.
Fiber length is usually measured on a bundle of fibers according to the Fibrograph system.This test is based on the optical scanning device and delivers various parameters characterizing fiber length distribution.
Fiber length is measured on fiber bundles also as the fiber bundle strength depends on the number of fibers in the bundle.The Instrument chosen should therefore must be very highly accurate.

5)Instrument for measuring:-
a)Liner Density.
b)Tensile Test.
6)Automatic Single Fiber Shrinkage Test System.
7)Digital Micro/Macro Microscope.
There are many more testing instruments for testing yarn,fibers of so many in natural and man made and fabrics also in apparels and technical textiles that even in one research organizations we cannot find.
Many of the testing instruments listed above are all for mainly cotton and few are for technical textiles.
The project being a College for Technical Textiles and a Technical Textile Mill the need for testing instruments need a big budget allocation.A point that needs no mention.

Monday, March 31, 2008


We have heard persons who occupy these responsible respected seats of decision making representative of the people who are highly respected in the country deliver speeches on various platforms the urgent need to start manufacture technical technicals in India.

The need of this Industry for the for the present and future generation is not only manufacturing ( which few textile industries have already started ),but also a Pure Technical Textile mill,University and Research Institute as a Deemed University in our country.

Friday, March 28, 2008


This is the Blog.

"A wealthy Indian philanthropist can spend,earn and

make our textile industry also earn in addition to helping

in educating this generation of youngsters


( Kindly post your comments for any changes or improvement )

Thursday, March 20, 2008

[ M.Tech ( Technical Textiles). Syllabus 1st SEMISTER.]

The university will have the status as "DEEMED UNIVERSITY"
The semester will start with the first batch of students,who will all attend the introductory function and get individual university course kit.(This will contain everything the student must know regarding the course syllabus,dress code,rules and regulations,various punishments for violations.Awards for merit etc.)

Few facts for a good start befour the syllabus is given.
In the year 1995 at a major International Exhibition,Technical Textiles was launched to reflect the growth of technical textiles and soon developed a simple taxonomy that has been used ever since to describe the scope of this new industry and marketing sector.
To start the first semester the number of students who are qualified with a degree in Textiles are only eligible.
The number of students will be 30 for beginning the activities of the college economically.
As all the students are qualified textile technologists,we can right away start with "Technical Textile" subjects.
The students should submit the syllabus they have studied in the university that they have completed their B Tech (Technical Textiles) and this will be scrutinized by the admitting university for M Tech (Technical Textile ).The syllabus must include such subjects which are Textile Costing,testing,fabric structure,corporate planning,business management,HRM,Statistical & Quality Control Systms,Textile Standards for InternationalQuality,Industrial Engineering, Calculation & Methods of stock in process,Humidification & Air Conditioning,Industrial & Labour Laws,Export Rules & Controls,First Aid Training,Fire Fighting,Scientific Management systems,Use of Stock Market & Shares,etc........If they are not in the syllabus,a entrance test covering the subjects,("The entrance test being mandatory") will be held befour admission.

The subjects are as under:
1] Agrotech.
2] Buildtech.
3] Clothtech.
4] Geotech.
5] Hometech.
6] Indutech.
7] Medtech.
8] Mobitech.
9] Oekotech.
With in each of the headings are literally hundreds of products and applications for textiles,some traditional,some replacing other well established materials and techniques,and some have been newly created by the properties and capabilities of textile materials and structures.All products regarded as technical textiles with extremely demanding specifications to which they are made are tested to international standards.
Just for example,the medical and hygiene textile markets ranges from high volume disposable products for baby's nappies,feminine hygiene and adult incontinence through to extremely specialized and high valve textile products for use in blood filtration,surgical sutures,prostheses and most recently,scaffolds for new tissue growth.
To cover the 12 areas in the listed subjects it has to be 3 subjects for each semester.



Applications for technical textiles in the Agrotech sector include all activities concerned with the growing and harvesting of crops and animals. The principal function of most agricultural textiles relates to the protection of either food produce, animals or land.
End-uses range from crop production (cereals, cotton, tobacco, etc), through forestry and horticulture (fruits, vegetables, trees and flowers), to animal and poultry rearing and fishing.

Ground Cover
Ground cover/ Weed Control Fabric is made from UV stabilized polypropylene yarns and is manufactured in two types, 100 gsm and 108 gsm. The polypropylene Ground Cover/ Weed Control fabric is available with green marker lines at 12 inches (30cm) intervals. The Ground cover/ Weed Control Fabric prevents weed growth and allows air circulation. The fabric protects the roots from the spread of fungus and bacteria. It is permeable to air and water and is resistant to mildew and rotting.
Ground Cover / Weed Control fabric is used in various applications such as landscaping, green houses, nurseries, shade structures, etc
Woven Ground Cover Benefits
* Good UV stability.
* Good puncture and abrasion resistance.
* Good light blocking.
* Good water transmission.
* Can be through planted.
* Raises ground temperature and maintains soil humidity.
* Can be covered with bark and chippings etc..
* Reduces need for chemical weed control.
* Plants do not have to compete with weeds for nutrients and water.
Woven from long lasting UV stabilized polypropylene tape yarn. It will block out sunlight and reduce photosynthesis preventing weed and unwanted plant growth.
Its specially profiled threads allow water to drain away quickly, reducing pounding. Many grades have colored lines woven into the textile to assist nurserymen neatly layout their stocks. To this end the material is tough enough to withstand reasonable pedestrian traffic in outdoor areas, polythene tunnels and greenhouses. Being a woven product it will be prone to fraying if cut or punctured, however in the UK you could expect the premium products to last for 5 – 8 years. It is often used by Allotment Societies to keep unused plots clear for future members. Woven ground cover is ideal for use under decking etc.

KNOWLEDGE IN AGROTECH SUPPORT EQUIPMENTS such as the following items shown.

The above pictures from few of the following.


Syllabus for BUILD TECH.
( Contexts often referred in Technical Textiles )

Technical textiles in various contexts are often referred to as performance textiles or functional textiles or engineered textiles or high-tech textiles.

Technical Textile fiber: Almost 90 % of the fibers(link to textile fabric) utilized to make technical textiles belong to the category of conventional fibers and the fibers specially developed to specifically use in technical textiles are not only expensive but often have limited applications.

Technical Textile products: Within the composites industry, woven, knitted braided, non woven(link) and wound reinforcements produced from glass, carbon fiber and organic polymer materials like aramids are presently accepted as technical textile products.

Syllabus for Clothtech.


[ M.Tech ( Technical Textiles). Syllabus 2nd SEMISTER.]

Syllabus in Geo tech include:
1] Geo technical engineering,piling,foundations & soil investigation.
2] Airborne electromagnetic,magnetic and gravity surveys.
3] Seismologic - acoustic arrays for volcano monitoring.
4] Environmental sampling,analytical filtration and remediation equipment.
5] Geo tech instruments.
Woven and Non woven textile materials used by the civil engineering industry to provide support, stability, separation and drainage at or below ground level. The application areas include earth and road construction, dam engineering, dump construction, soil sealing and in drainage systems. Strength, extension, durability are the characteristic requirement for Geo tech.The study of various types of non wovens is essential for use and application.
Practicals will be the major hour in this syllabus.
The syllabus will contain the subjects supported by a TEXT BOOK.
1] Architectural Conservation.
2] Energy assessment.
3] Eco cleaning products.
4] Garden Design.
5] Garden Irrigation.
6] Flooring.
7] Horticulture.
8] Pest Control.
9] Weed Control.
10] Air Conditioning.
11] Land Scaping.
12] Fire alarms.
The subject is very deep and a look in to the various aspects a picture is given below.



The third largest application area in both volume and value terms is Indutech. It includes textile materials for non-apparel and non-decorative uses like filters, pipes, sound absorption material, wipes, conveyor belts etc. This category of technical textiles has a market share of over 15% globally.

Furthur it also includes:
1] Banners & Signs.
2] Traps,Covers,Slides Curtains.
3] Acrylic Awning Fabric.
4] PVC,Awnings,Umbrellas,Tents & Marquees.
5] Tent Marquee Fittings & Accessories.
6] Tension Structure fabrics.
7] Geo membranes,Polyurethane Specialties.
8] Non Woven Fabric Industries.
9] Textile & Garments.
10]Filter Cloth,Filter Bags.
11]Non Woven Felt ...etc,etc.
There are over 10,000 other products.

[ M.Tech ( Technical Textiles). Syllabus3rd SEMISTER.]

class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: 0.2in;"> style="">Syllabus for Meditech

The syllabus in this can only be formulated by books published by international publishers on the subject. All the books are available to buy from:

The growth in the domestic health care sector is expected to be more than 17 per cent a year in view of the rising per capita spending on health care products, greater exposure to international products in this area, importance and awareness of health care insurance and medical tourism.

The health care industry is fragmented into corporate and small hospitals and nursing homes. The note says, “health care industry generates $17 billion of business a year in India”.

The textile industry largely depends on this sector to speed up growth.

The share of meditech, a part of the healthcare sector in the Indian technical textiles market, is around 5 per cent.

A wide range of medical textile products and healthcare and hygiene products – including sanitary napkins (35 per cent market share), surgical dressings (30 per cent), sutures (20 per cent) and diapers and orthopaedic implants – contributes considerably to the meditech market in India.Including disposable textile Disposable Protective Clothing for Use in Medicine and Medical Labs Our medical scrubs and other protective clothing provide a safety barrier by helping to impede the spread of viruses and infections to medical personnel and patients. Choosing Your Protective Clothing: Spun-bonded polypropylene, SMS, and Tyvek produce quality medical garments intended for limited wear. These medical garments offer the comfort of a breathable fabric and protection against germs and other impurities. Our lab coats and covers are excellent for both light outpatient surgery procedures and the intense demands in the labs. If you need extra protection against wetness, chemical dust, or solid airborne dust, we recommend PP/PE, CPE, SMS, Micromax, and Tyvek products. You will retain the advantages of wearing breathable disposable garments at very reasonable prices. Coveralls Our non-woven coveralls are made of spun bonded polypropylene (PP), PP coated with PE, CPE, SMS, Micromax, and Tyvek. These products are disposable, lightweight, low-cost, and breathable, and also work very well as protection for professionals in labs and hospitals. Available in most colors and weights. Lab Coat Choose PP, enjoy the comfort of 3-ply SMS materials, or select the maximum protection of Tyvek. Lab coats offer secure protection against cross-contamination. Available in most colors and weights. Isolation and Lab Gowns Choose from the following selection: PP, PP/PE, SMS, SMS with PE, or Tyvek. These garments offer excellent barrier properties, are highly fluid repellent, and lightweight. The lab gown has knitted cuffs. Available in most colors and weights. Shoe Covers Our variety of shoe covers includes PP, PE/PP, CPE, SMS, SMS with PE, and Tyvek. Shoe covers are made from fluid repellent material and have increased tear strength. Shoe covers are available with regular and non-skid soles. Elastic around the perimeter makes one size fit most shoes. Available in white or blue.used in Medical and other uses.

The other avenue where the importance of technical textiles is growing is in the field of cardiology, where, according to government estimates, 35,000 open heart surgeries are done every year, thereby increasing the need in volumes for filters in operations. Till date, about 60 per cent of the need is met by imports.

The course basically stresses on how to meet the rising demand of the medical sector, where technical textiles are used to the maximum. We should also search other avenues to reduce dependence on imports”.


1]Each student will be responsible for presenting an article to the class.

2]This article should be in some way relevant to the class, and should be turned in, along with a short paragraph summary, and a one sentence summary that will be posted on the web.

3] Also, please include a web link to the article if relevant.

4] The presentation should be a brief verbal summary (a minute or two) of the article.

5] Each article can only be turned in once, so there are advantages to presenting early in the semester.

6] Please be sure to sign up when the sign up sheet is circulated.

Assignments and Grading:

1]There will be occasional reading assignments that you will be expected to complete.

2]There will be periodic short quizzes (every one to four sessions) given in class to test your understanding of lectures and readings.
3] The lowest three quiz grades will be dropped.
4] I will also post homework assignments approximately weekly, although (with the exception of one or two group assignments) these will not be collected or graded.

1]There will also be a formal group case presentation towards the end of the semester.

2]Within the first few weeks of classes, we will form groups to be used for the occasional group homework assignments as well as for the final case presentation.

Your final grade will be based on:
Midterm - 30%,Final - 30%,Quizzes - 25%,Articles - 5%,Case Presentation - 10%,

Computer Programs and the Lab:
We will use several computer programs in the course, either during class or as a part of homework assignments.
These programs will all available in the Computer Lab in Hall.
Please see Officer in the main office to arrange to get a Cardkey if you do not already have one. The fee depends on whether or not you already have a key card
the Officer can give you the details. You are required to have a PC account in order to use the PC's, and some of the software we use will only be available in the lab.

Course Outline:
For the most part, we will follow the text book, with additional material added as we go along.
This is a very tentative syllabus, which will be updated as we progress.
We will keep an updated syllabus on the course web page.

Syllabus for Mobitech
University can select from the following:
1]The automotive industry is not only one of the largest single markets of technical textiles but also one of the most diverse.Applications range from tyre card,hose & drive belt reinforcements to thermal and sound insulation,safty belts and air bags,filters,cable harnesses and textile reinforced composities for body and suspension parts,even the internal furnishings of a car - head lines seatings,carpets,parcel shelf and trunk liners - are all regarded as technical textiles becouse of the extreemly demanding specifications to which they are made and tested.
2] The present day Aero industry.
3] The ever loved water float builders and equipments.
4] The owners pride and neighbourers envy needs of "NASA".
5] The eco- friendly bicycle industry.
6] The needs of communication industry.
The list is endless as of now.
The syllabus needs are to be upgraded befour the college starts.
Syllabus for Oekotech.
The subject includes the following topics:
1] Soil seals.
2] Textile Drainage systems.
3] Erosion Prevention systems.
4] Textiles for Protection against hazardous substances.
5] Mobile containers.
6] Textile Noise barrier systems.
7] Filter systems ( air /water ).
8] Landfill textiles.
9] Waste disposal.
10] Recycling.
11] Environment.

Oekotech stands for new ideas with interesting concepts of environmental protection, waste disposal and recycling. In view of the increased interest worldwide in environmental and ecological issues, it is not surprising that Oekotech shows by far the fastest growth rates of around 7%. The main criteria for textiles to fall under this category are;

* Eco friendly textiles
* Disposable and biodegradable fabrics.
* We may perhaps include recyclables worn out textile fabrics techniques.
Articals,Tests,Presentation and Examination questions ,may include any of the subjects mentioned from 1 to 11.